Senate Approves Bi-Partisan Overhaul of No Child Left Behind

Earlier today, the Senate approved the “Every Child Achieves Act” (S. 1177) with an 81-17 vote. S. 1177 would replace No Child Left Behind and would retain some features of the current law, including standardized testing, but overall S. 1177 would give more flexibility to states and reduce the Federal government’s role in the nation’s education policy.

The “Every Child Achieves Act” includes a proposal to authorize a new early education grant to states to improve early childhood education coordination, quality, and access, and would specifically target resources for low- and moderate-income families.  Additionally, S. 117 creates a new literacy program that includes a set-aside for early learning initiatives.

Shortly before the Senate approved the bill, Senator Bob Casey (D-PA) offered an amendment authorizing the Preschool Development Grants program, as well as the “Strong Start for America’s Children Act.”  The amendment failed on a 45-52 vote.

At this time, it’s unclear what the next steps are with regards to sending a final bill to President Obama.  boypaintingWhile the Senate bill represents a strong, bi-partisan agreement, the House bill, which barely passed last week, is much different and proposes far more drastic changes to the country’s K-12 education policy.  The House version, known as the “Student Success Act,” goes much further in eliminating the Federal government’s role in holding schools accountable, especially for low-income districts.

While President Obama has expressed concerns about the Senate-passed measure, he has threatened to veto the House version.  However, this should not be interpreted that the President would sign S. 1177.

Congressional leaders could reach a compromise between the House and Senate bills, but it seems very unlikely that a majority of House Republicans would support this.  Therefore, House Speaker, John Boehner (R-OH), would need the support of nearly the entire Democratic caucus and some Republicans to approve such a bill.  However, this would be a violation of the “Hastert Rule,” which is the legislating principle that any bill should be able to pass with a House Republican majority.  Even if a compromise bill clears the House, it could face the threat of a filibuster in the Senate.

We will continue to monitor this and keep you updated.

Senate to Begin Debating Bi-Partisan Overhaul of ESEA This Week

Tomorrow, the Senate will begin deliberating S. 1177, the “Every Child Achieves Act of 2015,” which would reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), something Congress has not done since 2001. The Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions (HELP) Committee unanimously approved this bill on April 16.

ESEA oversees the nation’s K-12 policy, as well as promotes early learning initiatives. S. 1177 proposes significant changes to the current law, including the creation of a new early education grant to states to improve early childhood education coordination, quality, and access, and would specifically target resources for low- and moderate-income families. In addition, the current bill creates a new literacy program with a set-aside for early learning, and clarifies existing use of early education funds under Title I.

During consideration of S. 1177 on the Senate floor, Senator Bob Casey (D-PA) will offer an amendment to senate-vote-freedom-act.sithe bill that would authorize and fund the Preschool Development Grant program, and the “Strong Start for America’s Children Act of 2015” (H.R. 2411/ S. 1380).  Click here for more information on the Senator’s amendment, as well as here to see how each state would financially benefit from it. You can read more about the “Strong Start for America’s Children Act of 2015” here.

A final vote on S. 1177 may take several weeks due to the number of amendments that will be considered.  While the White House has not publicly weighed in on S. 1177, Arne Duncan, Secretary of the Department of Education, “applauded” the Senate bill shortly after it was approved by the HELP Committee in April.  However, President Obama has threatened to veto the House version of this legislation, the “Student Success Act,” (H.R. 5), which was approved by the House Education and the Workforce Committee in February.